Bandung- Do not let your child susceptible to pneumonia.For the Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) recommends the vaccine, including pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) to prevent pneumonia in children.This vaccine can fight any kind of disease that is triggered or pneumococcal bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae
“The right of every child to receive the vaccination needed in his life. Immunization is the basis of the most powerful in the public health system. The question is whether it can be prevented? Of course you can,” said Dr. Nastiti Kaswandani, SpA (K), Chairman of the UKK Respilogi PP IDAI, Indonesi when found in the Warnings Pneumonia in hitel Crown, Bandung, Saturday (11/26/2016).
PCV vaccine currently exists that is referred to as PCV-10 and PCV-13.The difference is the number of strains of bacteria contained therein.PCV-10 protects children against 10 types of Streptococcus pneumoniae, a bacterium that can cause all sorts of diseases including meningitis, pneumonia, ear infections, blood infections, and even death.PCV-13 protects against 13 types of Streptococcus pneumoniae.
The vaccine is given as much as four times in children aged 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months to protect children from germs known as pneumococcal bacteria.
In addition to PVC, the measles vaccine can also reduce the incidence of pneumonia.Whooping cough, or pertussis vaccine in the DPT vaccine can also be given to reduce the risk of pneumonia.
DPT or DTP is a mixture of three vaccines is to prevent diphtheria (which attacks the throat), pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus (infection due to injuries that cause seizures).Vaccine Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) can reduce the risk of pneumonia.
According to Dr. Nastiti distributing vaccine to prevent pneumonia increased in the last year.Figures vaccine use in Indonesia reached 51 percent.
Prevention can be started from early detection of pneumonia symptoms and treatment delivery is fast and precise.”Prevention, early detection and appropriate treatment can reduce mortality due to pneumonia,” he said.
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According to him, access to health care and availability of drugs, as well as oxygen is essential.This challenge requires more attention from the government in an effort to lower infant mortality rate.
“Providing balanced nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding, avoid exposure to cigarette smoke, zinc supplementation in diarrhea, and preventing HIV,” he said.
Pneumonia is still a problem in Indonesia.Dr. Nastiti also mention the air has an important role in the spread of pneumonia.
“If the air quality deployment may not be suppressed, but the dirty air is one of the deployments that have an important role. In a room such as in elevators we’re carrying a child may be there is no trace of a sneeze or cough,” he explained.
Bandung- Parents who have young children under 5 years of age must be responsive if babies suffering from pneumonia.Because pneumonia is the number 1 killer in the world toddler.So what are the signs of children under five are pneumonia?
“The sign is an increase in respiratory rate, so that the child looked crowded. On the chest area appear retraction or pull of the lower chest wall setiao breaths,” says Subdivision Section Respirology Pediatrics Hasan Sadikin Bandung, Dr. Sri Sudarwati SpA, in commemoration of World Pneumonia Day on Crown Hotel Bandung, Saturday (11/26/2016).
Dr. Sri continue, other signs are tachypnea namely rapid breathing.This is an important sign of pneumonia.He said the public should recognize early warning signs of pneumonia this by counting the respiratory rate toddlers for 1 minute.
“Limitation of rapid respiratory rate in infants less than 2 months is more / equal to 60 times per minute, in infants 2 to 12 months is 50 times per minute. While the age of 1-5 years is 40 times per minute,” explained Dr. Sri.
Read also: More Than 800 Thousand Indonesian Child Pneumonia Esophageal Throughout 2016
http://health.detik.com/read/2016/11/26 /132007/3355324/1301/lebih-dari-800- ribu-anak-indonesia-terserang- pneumonia-sepanjang-2016
In addition because of tachypnea and retraction, toddlers who experience worsening of symptoms characterized by anxiety, not eating or drinking, seizures or cyanosis (bluish lips) and even loss of consciousness.
“Severe pneumonia such as coughing or shortness naoas accompanied one such retraction of the chest wall and grunting or moaning,” he explained.
If some of these signs experienced by infants, it should immediately get medical attention.
“Examine the patient’s oxygen saturation terhadal and do chest X-ray if it is possible,” said Dr. Sri.
Dr. Sri added, so far to overcome the pneumonia there are three main steps initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that provide protection in young children, the prevention of pneumonia and pneumonia proper governance.
“Protection is intended to provide a healthy living environment for young children. What is it like adequate nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding until the baby is 6 months old and breathing air that is free of pollutants such as cigarette smoke, fumes, factory smoke,” he said.
Exclusive breastfeeding, said Dr. Sri, can reduce the incidence of pneumonia in children under five by 20 percent.
Jakarta- In addition to the fulfillment of nutrients that have not been balanced, the Indonesian people are also drinking less milk.Whereas the concept of food 4 healthy 5 perfect now known with balanced nutrition, milk is a nutritional complement.
According to statistics of the national milk consumption in 2012, Indonesia’s milk consumption is just 14.6 liters / capita / year.Of this figure already shows that Indonesia still ‘underdeveloped’ when compared with neighboring countries.
Including Malaysia and the Philippines where milk consumption is 22.1 liters / capita / year;Thailand 33.7 liters / capita / year;or India which reached 42.08 liters / capita / year.
Even from the last release disclosed food experts IPB, Prof. Dr. Aman Wirakartakusuma, Indonesia’s milk consumption in 2016 decreased down to 7.7 liters / capita / year
“Whereas in developed countries one habit besides sports since primary (elementary school, red) is to drink milk,” said Dr. Rachmat Vishnu Hidayat, SpKO in Media Workshop ‘Milk as a Supporter of Your Active Lifestyle’ along Greenfields in Hotel Santika Malang recently.
Read also: For Strong Bones and Not Fragile, Every Day Should Drink Milk?
The man who familiarly called Dr. Vishnu added, many Western research that revealed a loss of less consuming milk.First, with respect to achieving daily calcium needs.In active adults, calcium needs reach 1000-1200 mg / day.
“While we ‘without milk intake was only about 400-600 mg fulfilled alone,” he explained.
On the other hand, when overcome by increasing the consumption of fish and vegetables to meet the needs calcium, other factors would normally inhibit, ranging from no time to buy, prepare to consume these foods, as well as the cost factor or the price paid.
Second, related to bone health, especially for women.Dr. Vishnu said, consume less milk resulted in the emergence of the risk of decreased bone density.
“The highlight of the bone density at age 30. After age 30, it is difficult to condense back bone, and when it’s not crowded, so when later menopause, for women, the risk of osteoporosis will be higher,” he explained.
Another risk faced due to lack of drinking milk is the risk of fractures in the joints of the wrist, pelvis, ankle, especially in the elderly;and reduced intake of animal protein needed by the body such as to repair damaged tissue.
Jakarta- gum infection is a major cause of oral and dental problems, including tooth loss.However, recent research linking it also with other risk in men, the erectile dysfunction.
Since long, gum infection, or periodontitis is often associated with cardiovascular problems.These conditions increase the risk of hardening of the arteries, stroke, and other circulatory problems.
On the other hand, erectile dysfunction is also associated with cardiovascular problems.The risk of erectile dysfunction increases when there is a narrowing of the arteries, stroke and so on.
“In our opinion, the biological mechanisms of erectile dysfunction in patients with periodontitis are still not well understood,” said the researcher, Dr. Zhigang Zhao of Guangzhou Medical University, was quotedby Reuterson Monday (28/11/2016).
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Dr Zhao uncover these findings after analyzing data from five studies published between 2009-2014.A total of 213,000 patients were included in the study, with ages ranging from 20-80 years.
The analysis shows that erectile dysfunction was found 2.28 times more in patients undergoing treatment of periodontitis.The strongest association was observed in the age group below 40 years and above 59 years.
A study in 2013 never reveal that treating periodontitis can improve the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.But according to Dr Zhao, still need further research to advocate the examination of the gums in men with erectile dysfunction.
Jakarta- Indonesia Most people know very well the benefits of milk consumption for health.Moreover relation to the concept of food 4 healthy 5 perfect, now converted into a balanced nutrition.
However, many of those who do not understand how to choose a quality milk or actually beneficial to health.
Dr. Rachmat Hidayat Vishnu, SpKO of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia explained that the main condition good milk is hygienic or not containing bacterial contaminants at all and as far as possible in a fresh state.
“Processed short as possible to avoid damage to its content of nutrients such as protein and vitamins as a result of processing,” he said on the sidelines of the Media Workshop ‘Milk as a Supporter of Your Active Lifestyle’ along Greenfields in Hotel Santika Malang recently.
The next requirement is a good milk does not add preservatives, and sugar.Excess sugar in milk can increase the value of the calories contained in it so that when consumed can trigger the risk of obesity for some people.
“While the preservative can potentially trigger malignant diseases such as cancer or a tumor. That is why we emphasize back to nature, organic foods are cultivated, more natural,” he continued.
Natural not only milk, but its nutritional content, and do not undergo the process of fortification or addition of material from outside because the natural nutrients would be more quickly absorbed by the body than the already added material from outside.
Read also: Less intake of milk, there Impacts?
“In essence, as the companion of an active lifestyle, must be balanced with good nutrition, including the consumption of milk. Broadly speaking, the milk can meet 28-30 percent of daily calcium needs,” said Dr. Vishnu.
Not only that, today calcium is also used in weight management programs because these minerals are known to increase the fat burning process.
“At least if they do not have time to exercise, in the office to keep moving on. Hopefully if you can walk a minimum of 7,500 steps a day,”
Jakarta- In the system of alternating shift work employees sign according to a fixed schedule.Well if this schedule is made too tight, then the impact will make more frequent occurrence of illness.
This is evidenced by a study by researchers at the University of Bergen, Norway.When the researchers looked at attendance data about 3,700 nurses who work shifts, when the distance between shifts made less than 11 hours then seen following month there was an increase in sick leave of up to 21 percent.
Vedaa said study leader Oystein impact this short shift to someone can be greater than the impact of working the night shift.
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“Previous studies have already seen that the changes in this brief work shift balanced or worse impact on sleep patterns and fatigue than when working at night,” said Oystein as quoted fromReuters,Sunday (11/27/2016).
“Our study also shows that the short rest time between shifts can predict sick leave while the effects of night work can not,” said Oystein.
Furthermore the researchers found an increasing trend of sick leave is not related to a person’s character or his status as sex, marriage, and age.This means that the nurses is much stronger because of illness related to working time.
Dr. Andreas Prasadja, RPSGT, sleep health experts from Mitra Kemayoran Hospital had said that when the sleep pattern is disturbed then the consumption of coffee will not help dampen the effects of fatigue.Brain fitness also will not return so that even if someone may not sleepy but the focus is reduced.
“It is precisely by taking stimulants, will tercipa a vicious circle that would be damaging to health. Stimulants will lead to disturbed sleep when there is an opportunity for a break, and then the next day will feel less sleep and finally took stimulants again. And so on,” said Dr. Ade.
Jakarta- Will explore outer space over the moon, NASA created a special snack bar for breakfast Orion crew.
When astronauts exploring outer space, they need a proper diet to stay healthy and focused.The sailors at the central station, the International Space Station (ISS) could have about 200 menu options to eat and places to eat as well as storage space.
However, food for the crew of space mission is limited and a challenge for NASA scientists to solve it.Space Orion planes only have limited space for accommodation of goods and food for astronauts in their missions.
Roaming space flight missions can not use other aircraft to send and discard the food.So, all that was taken away to be brought back by the same plane.
Photo: NASAMission trip with Orion’s far enough away so that the mass of heavy terbatas.Semakin aircraft fuel and energy dibutukan will be more.
To save some mass, scientists developed as a breakfast food bar astronaut.The bar food must be dense in calories to match the needs of astronauts and reduce space saving.
Jessica Vos, deputy health and medical technicians Orion said, saving packaging is also what is eaten crew is a way of reducing the load on air.
“Orion will crawl for weeks, 1 packaging for breakfast in a day would mengemat storage space.”Jessica said quoted food.ndtv.com (11/24/16)
Planned, there will be several options bar food flavors such as orange and cranberry bbq beans for breakfast astronauts.Average for lunch and dinner, the Orion crew can eat similar to the space station crew center and has warmers to prepare meals.
Photo: NASADesigning a food bar with balanced nutrition and special provisions for astronauts such as calorie dense and pass the taste test is not easy.
Until now, no commercial bar food to meet the standard requirements.So that NASA had designed it, including the requirement food bar is has a shelf life of decades, due to space travel.
NASA is developing a special bar food and in cooperation with HERA, the agency that is designed to simulate the isolation and remote conditions during the exploration in the habitat 3